The Lohri festival, which is mainly observed by Sikhs and Hindus throughout India, marks the end of the winter season and is generally thought to usher in the return of the sun to the northern hemisphere.
This festival, which takes place the night before Makar Sankranti, includes a Puja Parikrama around a bonfire with prasad.
This Lohri festival is marked by a lot of pomp and circumstance, particularly in northern India. One of the first Hindu festivals of the year, it is essentially known as the farmers’ festival, or the harvest festival, in which the farmers can express their gratitude to the Supreme Being.
Lohri festival that celebrates the joy of seeing the dazzling pearls of rabi crops while listening to traditional folk songs and dancing. And
a meal The Lohri festival’s date, which is tied to the Bikrami calendar, is nearly the same every year. The festivities will begin on January 13 this year.
Lohri celebrations – History:
The origins of Lohri Festival can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Since this civilisation thrived in northern India and Pakistan, the festival is mainly observed in those areas. In other parts of India, it is known by different names, including Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti in Bengal, Magha Bihu in Assam, and Tai Pongal in Kerala.
Lohri festival stories abound, and they are founded on religious as well as socio-cultural practises and events. The storey associated with Dulla Bhatti is the most popular and fascinating legend surrounding Lohri festival
During the reign of Mughal king Akbar, Dulla Bhatti was common among the poor, similar to Robin Hood. He used to rob the wealthy and allocate the proceeds to the poor and needy.
As a result, he became well-known and admired by the general public. According to legend, he once rescued a girl from kidnappers and raised her as if she were his own daughter.
According to other accounts, the word Lohri comes from the root ‘loh,’ which refers to a large iron griddle or tava used to prepare chapattis for communal feasts. Another version claims that the Lohri word comes from ‘Loi,’ the famous reformer Kabir Das’s wife.
Lohri festival was originally observed the night before the Winter Solstice. It used to be associated with the coldest night of the year, followed by the longest night and shortest day. Since the night was incredibly cold,
people shielded themselves by lighting a fire and keeping it burning all night, spending their time around it, praying to the sun and fire gods, and then making merry by eating the leftovers of the offering, dancing, singing, and then eating heavy and delicious food with their relatives.
This lohri festival also marks the beginning of the harvest season for rabi crops, or winter crops. Punjabis, who live in India’s most fertile belt,
This Lohri festival commemorates the cultivation of sugar cane. Sesame seeds, jaggery, radish, mustard, and spinach are also harvested, and these are the festival’s main attractions. People make revari and gajak sweets, as well as staples like Sarso ka Saag with Makki ki roti. Radish is one of the feast’s main attractions, and it’s also included.
Lohri, Science and Symbolism:
Lohri is now observed on the day before Makar Sankranti, which falls on January 13 this year. Makar Sankranti falls in the Shishir Ritu season, which is the harshest type of winter. Due to the extreme and harsh cold, the amount of vata (air) and kapha (ether) in the body increases during this season.
The beginning of Aadan Kaal, or the time when the sun sets in the northern hemisphere, also signals the start of harsh weather, and people are advised by the Ayurvedic shastras to consume sesame and jaggery-based foods to keep their bodies warm and prepare for the cold winter. Moreover,
The fire that is lit on this day prepares the body for the cold weather that will arrive the next day.
Customs and Traditions:
The festival of Lohri is marked by a number of customs and traditions. Children and female household members go door to door two to three days before Lohri, asking for candy, sugar, sesame seeds, jaggery, and cow dung cakes.
They sing verses in praise of Dulla Bhatti and other traditional songs at each entrance. As part of the festivities, the please owners give them prizes and, in some cases, money. When the sun begins to set in the evening,
the people gather in an open space and place all of the bonfire’s components, such as cow dung cakes, logs, wood, and sugar cane, before lighting the fire.
They give oblations to the fire in the name of various demigods and chant their names and mantras, as this Lohri festival is a thanksgiving to the sun god, mother earth, the fields, and the fire.
All of the ‘loot’ collected from the people in the form of popcorn, maize seeds, jaggery, rewari, gajak, peanuts, and sesame seeds is burned as an offering, and the prasad, or leftovers, is distributed to everyone.
People pray for their wealth and wellbeing while circumambulating the fire as a symbol of gratitude and reverence. Then, in separate groups of men and women, the members of the household perform the traditional folk dances of Bhangra and Gidda.
The party continues, and at the end, a feast is planned, complete with delectable dishes.
Why Lohri Puja? Lohri festival
Lohri is a Hindu festival that celebrates the sun, earth, and fire. The sun represents life, the earth represents our food, and fire keeps us healthy. All of these things are given to us without charge by the supreme personality of godhead, and we are not obligated to pay for them. (Lohri festival)
However, since we need them and are receiving selfless service from nature, it is always advisable to express gratitude to them and to pray to them for our safety and prosperity.
Makar Sankranti, the day after Lohri, is when the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn. Everyone is affected differently by this transition. So, in Lohri Puja, the sun, earth, and fire deities are worshipped in order to brace ourselves for the upcoming financial year and to provide the farmer with plenty of bounty from his field and prosperity in his life.
Facts about lohri :
1. The Lohri night is thought to be the coolest night of the winter season since it is both the longest night of the year and, ironically, the shortest day of the year!
2. The harvest festivals are also known as Lohri. Sugarcane harvesting has historically taken place in January.
3. Why is the festival significant in Punjabi? Farmers consider the day after Lohri to be the start of the financial year, which is also significant to the Sikh community.
4. Apart from dancing and Gidda, folk songs are sung on Lohri to thank the Sun God. Lohri, a Hindu festival primarily dedicated to fire and the sun God, is associated with the concepts of life and health.
5. Lohri is also spelled Lohi in rural Punjab. Sant Kabir’s wife’s name was
6. Another legend claims that Holika and Lohri were sisters. The Holi fire killed Holika, but the latter survived. Another legend claims that since consuming til (sesame seeds) and rorhi (jaggery) is a part of the lohri festival, the words til and rorhi merged to form tilorhi, which was eventually shortened to Lohri festival over time. The word Lohri is thought to have originated from the regional word ‘loh,’ which means warmth and firelight.
7. A bride’s first Lohri with her husband’s family is considered very unique in North India. The newlywed couple is the focus of attention, and they are lavishly lavished with gifts of clothing and jewellery. For a woman, the first Lohri after her wedding is considered quite auspicious.
8. Kite flying is also very common on Lohri.
9. The Lohri festival is also synonymous with a number of well-known traditional songs. The song ‘Dulha Bhatti’ is the most famous. Dulla Bhatti was the Punjab province’s Robin Hood, who robbed the rich and supported the poor, and Lohri is also celebrated in his honour by singing a song about his bravery.
10. Gajak, Sarson ka Saag, and Makke Di Roti are just a few of the festival-specific dishes. As part of the harvest, peanuts, radish, sesame seeds, and jaggery are eaten.